Sel. Mei 21st, 2019

15 KESALAHAN TATA BAHASA (DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS) YANG PALING SERING DILAKUKAN

Diadaptasi dari: Burnett, L., 2001, 15 frequently occuring grammatical mistakes, The Learning Centre, UNSW, Sydney [unpublished material].

Kesalahan tata bahasa bukanlah faktor utama yang membuat sebuah proposal penelitian ditolak. Namun, kesalahan tata bahasa dapat mengurangi kualitas proposal penelitian yang kita tulis. Kita dapat melakukan pengecekan tata bahasa berdasarkan panduan berikut.
Berikut ini adalah 15 kesalahan tata bahasa yang terbesar dari tulisan seorang mahasiswa. Jika kita dapat mengurangi kesalahan-kesalahan berikut dari proposal penelitian yang kita tulis, maka tulisan kita menjadi lebih jelas dan benar.

1. Incorrect subject-verb agreement

Incorrect: The committee want a resolution to the problem. Revised: The committee wants a resolution to the problem.
Incorrect: It is a combination of factors that cause the present situation.
Revised: It is a combination of factors that causes the present situation.

2. Wrong tense or verb form

Incorrect: They were required filling out a long form before enrolling in the course.
Revised: They required to fill out a long form before enrolling in the course.

3. Incorrect singular plural agreement

Incorrect: Tourism has been considered one of the most important factor in the town’s economic development.
Revised: Tourism has been considered one of the most important factors in the town’s economic development.

4. Incorrect word form

Incorrect: Tourism has been considered one of the most important factors in the town’s economic development.
Revised: Tourism has been considered one of the most important factors in the town’s economic development.

Incorrect: The primary emphasis of early research on leadership was psychologically and focused on the personality characteristic typical found among successful leaders.
Revised: The primary emphasis of early research on leadership was psychological and focused on the personality characteristic typically found among successful leaders.

5. Unclear pronoun reference

Incorrect: The boy and his father knew that he was in trouble.

Revised: The boy and his father knew that the boy was in trouble.

6. Incorrect use of articles

Incorrect: The boy and his father knew that he was in trouble. Revised: The boy and his father knew that the boy was in trouble.

Incorrect: The meeting ended with call for humanitarian approach to be taken over a question of the refugees.
Revised: The meeting ended with a call for humanitarian approach to be taken over the question of the refugees.

Incorrect: The meeting will be finished in a hour. Revised: The meeting will be finished in an hour.



7. Wrong or missing preposition

Incorrect: The study emphasized on the need of further research to ascertain the influence by television violence to young children. Revised: The study emphasized on the need of further research to ascertain the influence of television violence to young children.

8. Omitted commas

Incorrect: When it comes to eating people differ in their tastes.

Revised: When it comes to eating, people differ in their tastes.

9. Superfluous commas

Incorrect: Field trips are required, in several courses, such as, botany and geology.
Revised: Field trips are required in several courses, such as botany and geology.

  1. Possesive apostrophe error

Incorrect: In the current conflict its uncertain who’s borders their contesting.
Revised: In the current conflict, it’s uncertain whose borders they’re contesting.

11.Incorrect word used

Incorrect: The recession had a negative affect on sales. Revised: The recession had a negative effect on sales.

Incorrect: The student took his advise to change the model. Revised: The student took his advice to change the model.

12.Sentence fragment

Incorrect: Because some students work part-time as well as studying fulltime at university.
Revised: Because some students work part-time as well as studying fulltime at university they are often very tired.

13. Run-on sentence

Incorrect: Run-on sentences are sentences that run on forever they are sentences that ought to have been two or even three sentences but the writer did not stop to sort them out leaving the reader feeling exhausted by the sentences’s end which is too long in coming. Revised: Run-on sentences are sentences that run on forever. They are sentences that ought to have been two, or even three, sentences but the writer did not stop to sort them out. The reader is left feeling exhausted by the sentences’s end, which is too long in coming.

  1. Lack of parallelism

Incorrect: The candidate’s goals include winning the election, national health program, and the educational system.
Revised: The candidate’s goals include winning the election, enacting national health program, and improving the educational system.

  1. Dangling, misplaced modifier

Incorrect: When writing a proposal, an original task is set for research.

Revised: When writing a proposal, a scholar sets an original task for research.

Incorrect: The professor wrote a paper on globalization in her office. Revised: In her office the professor wrote a paper on globalization.

 

 

 

 


close